Symbols of Peru

Symbols of Peru

As The National Flag day is celebrated in Peru on June 7, let’s talk about its meaning. Why is National Flag day celebrated on June 7th? This day is anniversary of the Battle of Arica (1880), also known as Assault and Capture of Cape Arica. It was a part of the War of the Pacific between Chile and Peru in 1879-1884.

Peruvian Flag

The flag was adopted in 1824 and underwent modification in 1950. It contains three equal vertical stripes of red and white colors. White color symbolizes peace, dignity and progress, red symbolizes war and courage.

In the center of the flag is an image of the coat of arms of Peru. It was adopted in 1825. The coat of arms ( Escudo nacional) of Peru consists of a shield divided into 3 parts. In the right, blue field, depicts a vicuna looking inward. This is a symbol of the fauna of the country.

In the right, blue field, depicts a vicuna looking inward. This is a symbol of the fauna of the country. The ancient Incas shaved off vicuna’s valuable wool, which was used exclusively for clothes of high-ranking nobles. Nowadays vicuna is the national animal of Peru. 

In the left, white field, depicts a cinchona tree. This is a symbol of flora. Cinchona bark has been used to treat malaria.

In the lower, red field, depicts a cornucopia with golden coins. This is a symbol of many mineral resources.

It’s believed that the coat of arms also symbolizes the past and present of the country.

Peru is a country that is proud of its traditions and certainly trying to preserve them. Therefore, every year on June 7, National Flag day is celebrated to remember the efforts and heroism of the Peruvians during the Battle of Arica.

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