The city was founded on August 15, 1540 by a handful of Spanish conquistadors, in a valleyheavily worked by successive pre-Hispanic cultures, which also defined names in the city and its surroundings. Facing the Spanish trace survives in the original trace historic centerof the nearest Indian village (now suburb of San Lazaro).
The role of the chair began in the last third of the sixteenth century. This volcanic stone, pearl or pink, free, inexhaustible, soft, light, thermal, aesthetic and resistant to weather,earthquake came as a structural solution. The sillar was unable to take the early years,except for the covers of the main church and some houses. The original Arequipa was builtwith adobe, masonry, sticks and straw roofs or mud cake. Houses of this type were madeuntil the nineteenth century and were common in the eighteenth century, some remain in theoriginal district of San Lazaro. Later came the brick and tile, brick houses are in theMonasterio de Santa Catalina. The cataclysm of 1582 settled raised these systems andearthquake reconstruction. Sillar then appeared as the prime structural solution.
Were thus the major earthquake that marked milestones in the formation of the local architecture. You can mention five periods:
* Foundation and villager (1540-1582).
* Splendor of the Baroque (1582-1784).
* Reviews Rococo and Neoclassical (1784-1868).
* modernizing Empiricism.
* neo colonial enactments (1868-1960) and contemporary.
The Sillar, has had a presence in the region gravitating Arequipa, from the almost magicaluse of pre-Inca cultures to the present day. The early settlers of the region is used to makepetroglyphs and pictographs.
With accurate property José Luis Bustamante y Rivero, born in this city, President of theRepublic of Peru (1945-1948), states:
“Stony grim city. Solid interlocking housing where the chair is a symbol of collective psychology: rock and foam, hardness and ductility. amalgam of fire in the breath of the volcano melted and encourages the stones and souls”
* The Plaza de Armas, the Cathedral and Town Hall, with beautiful architecture andsurrounded by arches of Sillar, are very popular with tourists, and causes the photos of postcards. The facade of the cathedral, with neo-classical architectural style with French influences, occupies one side of the Plaza de Armas of Arequipa and sports three front pages, plus two bronze medallions.
* It should be noted that one of the attractions is the abundance of existing colonialreligious architecture, located in the historic center of Arequipa, in districts such as Cayma, Yanahuara, etc. Among them ”The Monastery of Santa Catalina” (the most important andimpressive religious monument in Peru) . The church of the Company and its cloister,founded by the Jesuits in the seventeenth century (which sometimes hosts cultural eventsand fashion), ”the church and convent of La Merced”, ”the colonial architectural SanFrancisco” (dating from the XVI century), ”the Franciscan Monastery of La Recoleta”, etc.
* Among the 500 old houses and colonial include Moral House, La Casa de Tristán delPozo, Irriberry The House, La Casa del Pastor, Goyeneche Palace and the Founder’s Mansion.